|AYURVEDA means ‘Life Knowledge’ or is a Hindu traditional medication of VEDIC period. AYURVEDA stresses the use of plant-based medicines and treatments. plant-based medicines are derived from roots, leaves, fruits, barks and seeds. which uses the inherent principles of nature, to help maintaining health by keeping the individual’s body, mind and spirit in perfect equilibrium with nature. Widely regarded as the oldest form of healthcare in the world, AYURVEDA is an intricate medical system that originated in India thousands of years ago.
AYURVEDA is an ancient system of life (AYUR) knowledge (VEDA) arising in India thousands of years ago. Ayurveda theory evolved from a deep understanding of creation. The great rishis or seers of ancient India came to understand creation through deep meditation and other spiritual practices. The rishis sought to reveal the deepest truths of human physiology and health. They observed the fundamentals of life, organized them into an elaborate system, and compiled India’s philosophical and spiritual texts, called VEDA of knowledge.
AYURVEDA was first recorded in the VEDA, the world’s oldest existing literature. The three most important VEDA texts containing the original and complete knowledge of AYURVEDA, believed to be over 1200 years old, is still in use today. These Ayurvedic teachings were customarily passed on orally from teacher to student for over 1000 years. The wisdom of Ayurveda is recorded in Sanskrit, the ancient language of India that reflects the philosophy behind Ayurveda and the depth within it.
AYURVEDA greatly influenced health care practices in the east and the west. By 400 AD Ayurvedic works were translated into Chinese; by 700 AD Chinese scholars were studying medicine in India at Nalanda University. Chinese medicine, herbology and buddhist philosophy were also impacted by Ayurvedic knowledge. Having passed the test of experience it remains essentially the same now as at its inception, although numerous commentators over the centuries have added insight with their analyses.
The philosophy of AYURVEDA teaches a series of conceptual systems characterized by balance and disorder, health and disease. Disease/health results from the interconnectedness between the self, personality, and everything that occurs in the mental, emotional, and spiritual being. To be healthy, harmony must exist between the purpose for healing, thoughts, feelings and physical action.
AYURVEDA is a careful integration of six important Indian philosophical systems, many physical/behavioral sciences, and the medical arts. One verse from an ancient authority says Ayurveda deals with what is good life and bad life, happiness and misery, that which supports or destroys, and the measurement of life. It works to heal the sick, to maintain health in the healthy, and to prevent disease in order to promote quality of life and long life. Health is defined as an experience of bliss/happiness in the soul, mind, and senses and balance of the body’s three governing principles, seven tissues, three wastes, digestion, and other processes such as immune functioning. Health is not the absence of symptoms. AYURVEDA has objective ways to assess each of these, pulse assessment being the primary means.
Its central tenet is that life is a combination of body, mind, senses, and spirit (more than a mind-body system). Nothing exists but for the pre-existence of and working of a Supreme Intelligence/Consciousness – an elemental, all-powerful, all-pervading spirit-energy that expresses Itself through and in the creation. Ayurveda seeks to know this aspect of life, the subjective (internal) as well as the objective (outer).
It is central to AYURVEDA that the functioning of all creation, the mineral, plant and animal kingdoms, can be understood as the interactions of three fundamental energy complexes, erroneously called (DOSHAS). The three energies are VATA,
|PITTA and KAPHA :– Signifying the dynamic or mobile, energetic, nonmaterial aspect of nature; the transformative, intelligence aspect; and the structural, physical aspect respectively. Vata governs respiration, circulation, elimination, locomotion, movement, speech, creativity, enthusiasm, and the entire nervous system. Pitta governs transformations such as digestion and metabolism, vision, complexion, body temperature, courage, cheerfulness, intellection and discrimination. Kapha governs growth (anabolic processes), lubrication, fluid secretions, binding, potency, patience, heaviness, fluid balance, compassion, and understanding in the organism. All have physical expressions in the body.
In the human physiology these three energies tend to interact in a harmonious and compensatory way to govern and sustain life. Their relative expression in an individual implies a unique ratio of functioning of these governing principles according to each person’s unique DNA determined at conception. This is body or constitutional typing, called PRAKRUTI.
PRAKRUTI yields two important understandings. A person has a permanent or stable nature for the entire life and efforts to maintain or change physiology must keep this balance point in mind. In addition each type will suggest an area tending to go out of balance, a disease tendency, requiring lifelong attention to maintain balance. A VATA type naturally tends to constipation, arthritis, anxiety; a pitta type tends towards inflammations, infections, ulcers; and KAPHA types tend to overweight, diabetes, congestive disorders, etc. The implication of PARKRUTI is that it helps explain why people react differently to the same things. The medical implication for this is that certain people will have a natural predisposition or sensitivity to certain medicines and this can be predicted.
|Why does imbalance occur?|
|It occurs because one or more of the energies or elements described above gets increased quantitatively or altered qualitatively. There is no human experience, whether a thought, an emotion, the climate, food, lifestyle, etc. that does not have at least one of the twenty qualities which, by its action, yields an effect in the physiology.|
|Classically, the nature of the causative factors are the result of mistakes of intellection (failure to perceive things as they are), inappropriate use of the sense organs, and mistakes of time (doing even proper things at the wrong time). While DNA gives the body one set of instructions, the life experiences at every moment are giving the governing principles perhaps another message. Since these three governing principles are nothing but energy themselves, they can be influenced –increased or decreased – by like or opposite energies. Heat increases PITTA, dryness increases VATA, and liquid increases KAPHA, etc. Thus imbalance is the continued experience of some stimulus – mental, emotional, or physical, real or imagined – that overwhelms the body’s ability to maintain its identity. When a stimulus and a system have the same energy the stimulus promotes more of its value in the system. Like increases like which can lead to imbalance even though they are not necessarily unhealthy influences in themselves – properly cooked organic food when taken in excess or at the wrong time promotes imbalance. With time and chronicity and some defective space in the organism (from genes, prior disease, trauma, congenital defect, etc.), disease can develop and manifest in the weak organ or tissue. When disease begins to manifest the governing principles are called DOSHAS, meaning impurities, which can pollute or contaminate the physiology.
The Ancient Indian Books Of Wisdom,
The RIG VEDA, Which Was Written Over 6,000 Years Ago, Contains A Series Of Prescriptions That Can Help Humans To Overcome Various Aliments. The Concept of Ayurveda Can As A Whole Be Defined As The Balance Between Three Aspects Of Our Body Like Our Nervous System, The Balancing Of Bile In Our Body Which Leads To Digestion.
|• To Protect Health And Prolong Life (“SWASTHYARAKSHANAM”)
• To Eliminate Diseases And Dysfunctions Of The Body (“ATURASYAVIKARASHAMANAMCH”)
|Importance of Ayurveda|
|During the period of time when Lord Brahma instigated with the work of creating universe he had also recollected the teachings of AYURVEDA. His knowledge of AYURVEDA was than distributed amongst many other gods and later to Lord Indra the god itself. And it is believed that at the time when diseases and illness began to trouble the humankind on earth and when people had started losing hope of having a secured and healthy life, the bunch of lords assembled in the Himalayan Mountains to seek the knowledge AYURVEDA from Lord Indra. This is how AYURVEDA is believed to have come into existence. After that,
It is well integrated into the Indian national health care system, with state Hospitals of AYURVEDA established across the country. AYURVEDA is now a statutory, recognized medical system of health care like other medical systems existing in India.
There are an increased number institutions set up for the purpose of teaching AYURVEDA along with providing a doctorate certificates in AYURVEDA.
The Practice of AYURVEDA has gained momentum on an international level over a period of time and has also gained same significance just as any other medical practices.
As evidence there is an institute for AYUVEDA in united states namely national institute of Ayurvedic medicines which proves the fact that AYURVEDA have been recognized and practiced globally.
AYURVEDA have eight components, in Sanskrit AYURVEDA called science of eight components;
• KAYACHIKITSA (cure of diseases affecting the body)
• KAUMARABHRTYA or BAALROG(treatment of children)
• SHALYATANTRA (surgical techniques)
• SALAKYATANTRA (cure of teeth,eye,ear,nose)
• BHUTVIDYA (which r directly not visible or explained directly from TRIDOSHA)
• AGADATANTRA (gada means poison)
• JARARASAYANTANTRA (anti-aging)
• VRISAVAJIKARANATANTRA (aphrodisiacs)
AYURVEDA has historically taken the approach of enumerating bodily substances in the framework of the five classical elements viz -Earth, water, fire, air, ether.
Which produces other seven basic tissues, they are;
• digestive liquid (rasa)
• Blood (Rakta)
• Bone (asthi)
• Bone marrow (Majja)
• Fat (meda)
• Muscles (Mamsa)
• Semen (Shukra)
As per these above elements, one body is complete with life. this makes the chain of life.
|Principles of Ayurveda|
|Every medical science has some basic principles on which the structure of science is built and fabricated. AYURVEDA has the basic principles according to the finding of the kees observers. these principles are as;
• Dosha: Normal equilibrium=normal heath/abnormal: etiological factors of diseases
• Dosha Bhed: When not affected by doshas: normal physiology/abnormal: pathophysiology of the organs.
• Dhatus: Abnormal pathology
• Agni: Digestive hunger: related to metabolism
• Oaj: Estimation of vitality
• Prakrati: Nature
• Dehbal: Body strength
• Ritu: Weather
• Samay : Time
• Area: Place of living
|Benefits of Ayurveda|
|There are a numerous number of benefits of AYURVEDA And the below mentioned are the few amongst the many benefits in AYURVEDA:
• The Pace of aging process is reduced due to the introduction of AYURVEDA.
• There are many remedies to overcome the feeling of stress and fatigue.
• It helps the healthy functioning of our five sensory organs along with other vital organs of the body.
• There are many remedies in AYURVEDA to overcome the disorder of the nervous system.
The body gets overall nourishment as AYURVEDA understands the requirements of the human body.
One of the most important route of life forces towards generation and power of man and women both.
The Journey of life is accompanied by a phase through which humans experience their potentials as sexual beings. This phase shares everlasting experience of fulfillment, contentment, pleasure and peace that one achieves by his /her sexual life.
The sexual life of a person fills an essence of love, compassion and mutuality that completes the partners in true sense. and also plays Important role in generation making.