What is Ayurveda?
Ayurveda (Hindi:आयुर्वेद) is a branch of medical science basically originated from Indian culture, and based on natural herbs. Word Ayurveda described as a science of life (Ayur = life, Veda = science or knowledge). There are many texts in the Hindu tradition, showing and describing the history and ways of treatments from it. It is generally a trend in Hindus, but now has been making its place in modern medical sciences and technology. As it is providing the best results to the patients. It has developed many techniques and new discoveries and experiments in the field of medical science by the medieval period.
Ayurveda in Indian History:
In Indian history, the medical science was only based on Ayurveda. There have been many experts in the field of treatment of diseases and injuries, they were known as the Ayurvedacharya. The Ayurvedacharya was a person who had a deep and keen knowledge of Ayurveda. Generally, the profession was feudal, means the son learned this science from his dad. The people trusted a lot on the Ayurvedacharya, as he was a respected, knowledgeable and ideal person in the society.
Ayurveda works on the cause of the disease and removes it from the base. It not only stops the suffering but also makes the person healthy forever. The diagnosis methods in it are quite different. They include the checkup of a tongue, urine test, stool test, appearance judgment, speaking, vision, etc. Also, there are certain therapies in Ayurveda for the treatment, like oil massage, and touch therapies which include pressing, stretching etc.
It has made a great impression in world medicals as it gives the drastic results. It is a discipline of Indian auxiliary knowledge, in the tradition of the Vedas. Dhanvantari, the father of Ayurveda, first proposed this science. There have been many texts for Ayurveda some of which are the Charaka Samhita, the Sushruta Samhita, and also some portions of Bower Manuscripts. It has provided many of the medical techniques to the modern medical treatment methods. The great Ayurvedacharya Sushruta first ever done surgery in Ayurveda. The technique of giving support to a fractured limb is also an innovation of it, which now we see in the form of plasters.
Current Status of Ayurveda in India:
Currently, the status of Ayurveda in India is that the government has set up many governments Ayurvedic hospitals to provide the people best treatment. Its treatment is fully based upon natural herbs so it has no side effects, it is body friendly and affordable. There are so many Ayurvedic medical clinics in each and every city of India. So many people have been given a good treatment through it. As in India, people trust the Ayurveda most, as it is traditional and friendly.
In the native countries like Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka, it has a great trend as the people are familiar with it. It is the most believable medical treatment technique having a golden history. According to a survey of WHO (world health organization), a major part of the population has treatment through Ayurveda. There are many hospitals and clinics based on it.
Uniqueness of Ayurveda:
Ayurveda has quite unique and different techniques of treatment and diagnosis. One of a most unique treatment method is the use of toxic metals for the treatment of internal diseases. This technique is called as the Rasa Shastra. It is the process of adding the metals, gems and minerals and also some of the heavy metals like arsenic and mercury. The Bhasma means the ashes of the metals are also taken as medicines with honey and milk. It is believed and found that these techniques are very effective and useful for the internal disease, and the best thing is with no side effects.